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How Well Do You Know Diamond Head?
You can see it from practically any spot on Waikiki Beach. It even slips into view between buildings as you maneuver the maze of streets in Waikiki. And, yet, how much do you know about this famous landmark?
Did you know:
1. The Hawaiian name for Diamond Head is Leahi and translates to “brow of the tuna,” because of the crater’s ridgeline that resembles the shape of the fish’s dorsal fin.
2. Some say the goddess Pele departed Oahu from Puu Leahi in her continued search for a permanent home.
3. Leahi Lighthouse is located at the foot of Diamond Head on a former heiau.
4. Diamond Head was formed during a series of volcanic eruptions known as the Honolulu Volcanic Series that also created Punchbowl Crater, Hanauma Bay, Koko Head and Manana Island.
5. Diamond Head is estimated to be about 300,000 years old, unlike the main mass of the Koolau Mountain Range, which is about 2.6 million years old.
6. The crater was nicknamed “Diamond Head” by 19th century British sailors who thought they discovered diamonds on the crater’s slopes. The “diamonds” turned out to be nothing more than shiny, calcite crystals—with no financial value.
7. Diamond Head State Monument was named a “National Natural Landmark” in 1968. It includes 475 acres.
8. The interior of Diamond Head was home to Fort Ruger, the first U.S. military reservation on Hawaii.
9. The trail to the top was built in 1908 as part of Oahu’s coastal defense system and gains 560 feet in elevation over 0.8 miles.
10. Bob Eubanks hosted a 1975 television game show called “The Diamond Head Game” It was shot on specially-constructed set on Oahu and featured a “Money Volcano.”
If you'd like to know more about Diamond Head State Monument and Park, visit these websites:
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Hawaii State Parks
The Internet Movie Database